Citizen Perceptions and Media Portrayals of White-Collar and Corporate Crime

The main research studied

The research article investigated on how the newspapers socially create company violence as a criminality. The research focused on the review of newspaper articles that covered fire interrelated deaths of 25 people who worked for Food Products processing plant which led to the owner of the corporation to plead guilty to murder. Thus, the research focused mainly on how the media provided misleading information and how it neglects corporate crimes (Blankenship, Cullen and Wright 21).

Methods used

The study sampled ten newspapers that covered the Imperial Food Product case. The newspapers sampled represented a cross-sectional of the US and the newspapers that had a wide fan base. The sample used wasn’t randomly selected and also didn’t represent the Geographical areas of US evenly. The sample focused on the leading newspapers such as The Washington Post and New York Times among many others. The sample size of newspaper used was extensively analyzed compared to the other previous research. The newspapers used in the study were supposed to be accessible at the University of Cincinnati Library. And; the electronic versions of Newspapers Abstracts were used to locate articles in the newspaper. This is because the system could easily find the stories related to the research .After the extensive literature reviews of corporate crimes, the author then categorized and developed content that measured the cases. They came up with harm, intent, sanctions, responsibility, and cause. They used this content to code the stories in the newspaper articles regarding the cases (Blankenship, Cullen and Wright 27).

Findings

Out of the ten samples, 9 concealed the story of the fire plant. Of the nine newspapers, 5 placed the story on the cover page. Although, in that week, the story was not given much focus as it faded slowly. Also included, the study found out that exit channel of the plant was padlocked. Later, during the conviction, the media also covered the story. In short, the findings suggested that the media blamed the state for lack of regulatory laws regarding safety in plants and also allowing unsafe and hazardous scenarios to exist in plants (Blankenship, Cullen and Wright 28).

72% of the stories that were covered did not mention any possible sanction. Although the incident was likely to be criminal and led to injuries and deaths, the newspapers didn’t define the criminal action. After the conviction was made, the media then covered the criminal sanctions. Therefore, the media is cautious in mention corporate viciousness as a crime since they only reported it as a crime after the government declared it as a criminal violation (Blankenship, Cullen and Wright 31).

Recommendations

The newspapers should take the front row in outlawing the harm actions in the Imperial Food products by playing a part in fighting against company violence. Also, the papers should show consciousness that company violence to be understood as a crime. Therefore, the media should be active and should not be hesitant and look deeply into cases regarding corporate violence so that the victims that are affected by such crimes to be given justice. Finally, the media should not socially construct crimes regarding corporate crimes by blaming the government for the deaths due lack of safety regulations, but deeply investigate the main causes of the deaths which may be pointed to the corporate institutions.

Essay: Drug War and Poverty

The essay describes the life of Maria as evident the movie, “Maria full of grace”. It attempts to show some of the challenges people living in poor localities pass through. The analogy of Maria’s show the struggles that one passes through if living in poor conditions, rising from disrespect in place of work, lack of peace at home and also being looked down by love partners. The discussion takes various life experience of Maria the main the character and the close family, and the people that affect her life in the early age.

We are introduced to Maria when she is in her seventh. She lives with her mother and a sister who has a baby boy. The sister is not married and has an issue raising her child. She cannot afford medication for her child, and these responsibilities are left out to Maria. Maria works in flower plantation preparing roses for export overseas. Maria has issues with the boss. Pregnancy symptoms start to show up, and she has to keep on using the washroom since she is vomiting. One point they are in an argument with the boss, and she vomits on the roses. The boss orders her to clean them up; this makes Maria quit the job since they are never in good terms with the boss.

Her mother and sister can’t support in the act since they expect by the end of the day to give out her contribution. They are in an argument with her trying to convince her to go and apologize to the boss, but she is determined to find another job. The family lives in poor conditions, Maria cannot afford decent clothes, and this seems to be the reason Marias mother is forcing her to apologize to the boss. Working in the flower plantation seems the only working opportunities Maria and her community have. Her mother put clear to Maria that it is the only decent job she can ever get.

Maria and her boyfriend relationship is not serious and seem more childish. In the first place, Maria is still a child; she is not even eighteen yet. The boyfriend never takes Marias ideas seriously. He always exclaims, “Not this again.” At one point Maria wants to tell him that she is pregnant with his child, but he neglects the idea to climb to the roof where she would break the news. The boyfriend cannot dance with her when they are in a bar, but rather seemed moved by a lot of drinking. She seem somebody not important to him When she discloses to him that she is pregnant, they both unravel to each other that they are not in love with each other.

Maria starts to work when she is seventeen in flower plantation. She seems stressed by the job since they don’t get along with her boss. The condition of the job is not favoring. Once Maria has a condition with her health, her supervising boss denies her permission to visit the washroom. Maria leaves the first place of work after an argument with the boss, where she is commanded to wash the polluted roses, and she is set to find another opportunity in Bogota where she would be hooked by her friend to maid work. On her way to Bogota, she finds a better offer. She met Franklin, who hooks her up with a drug mule job opportunity.

Franklin takes Maria to the guy he promised to hook him with for a job opportunity. They get inside a small bar. When they arrive at the employer, he offers her a chair. He takes on by enquiring Marias relationship with Franklin. He then asks Marias age who cheats to be eighteen instead of seventeen. He also enquires the previous jobs that Maria had already enrolled to and also the reason that made her left. He then completed the interview session by enquiring of her digestive system condition if it works regularly or if it has complications such as constipation or diarrhea.

She finds Lucy in a bus and discusses the job offer and agrees to taker her though the preparation. Maria pays a visit to Lucy where she is taken through the process of swallowing. She prepares her with important information about the carrying of the drugs inside her stomach. She even specifies the capacity her size can carry. She also cautions her on the important to make sure all the pellets are well wrapped since any contact between the drugs and stomach would cause death. Shea also advises her to wear decently. She then set to swallow the drugs where she takes 62 of the pellets. Then the boss gives her $800 for the trip and traveling document and cautions her that if one of the pellets gets lost on the way she should be ready to a conversation with her grandmother, mother and her sister as a way to threaten her.

When the three ladies are set for the trip the United States, they are in the fear not to be caught out. It seems Maria had never been on another flight and seemed worried. As time goes by their health start deteriorating. The three girls develop fever and uneasiness due to the reaction of the pellets. Blanca can make through, but Maria gets pressed so hard. She visits the washroom and two of the pellet releases from her system, but she is determined to carry it all. She forces to swallow the pellets back successfully.

Lucy tells Maria she is unwell, and she seems to have a severe fever. In the airport, the girls are checked and arrested. The customs get suspicious of Maria, they Interrogate her and are ready to do an x-ray to verify if Maria is a mule or not. Maria gets lucky since she is with a child. On the arrival at the hotel where they are to stay in the period of the trip, Lucy health becomes worse, and she never make through.

The drug war is a great challenge especially in localities where poverty is the order of the day. Poverty leaves people with limited options and has the tendency to take any opportunity coming their way. In the case of Maria community where the only option is either working in the flower plantations or either a maid entices Maria to take a risk job of a mule. She knows the risks that she can either be imprisoned or even die like her friend Lucy. Women seem to be very vulnerable in the drug trade. In poor localities, women appear to take care of their families. Maria resides with her mother and her sister who is a single mother with an infant son. Family responsibilities here are shared among the three women although Maria seems to be taking the biggest share. Maria is determined to find a job that will pay better to support her family need.

Also, the US custom and the DEA assist in the success of the traffic. When Maria is held for inspection, the custom is not thorough in the process. It seems the custom are in fear of being sued for racial harassment. Maria escapes very easily when she confirms to the custom that she is with a child. The department should have lain down other methods other than x-rays to mothers who are carrying children. Poverty leads to vast production, distribution and usage of drugs since people want something to fill the void. The fight against drug as evident in the film “Maria Full of Grace” is hard to eradicate in an environment with poverty, since people are willing to take the risk associated to get that dollar.